Therapist teaching client how to use the DEARMAN DBT skill


4 min.

DEAR MAN DBT skills are easy-to-follow guidelines for everyday use that, with practice, can help you improve your communication skills and emotional regulation in relationships.

By: Charlie Health Editorial Team

Clinically Reviewed By: Dr. Don Gasparini

March 22, 2023


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Table of Contents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a form of therapy that has become increasingly popular in recent years. It has been found to be helpful for a range of mental health conditions. DBT offers a range of skills that can help individuals manage difficult emotions and improve their relationships. One of the most effective DBT skills for interpersonal communication is DEAR MAN.

What is DEAR MAN?

DEAR MAN is an acronym for a DBT skill that is used to help promote effective communication. The acronym stands for the following:

D – Describe the situation

This involves providing a clear, factual description of the situation you are dealing with. This can help to prevent misunderstandings and ensure that both parties are on the same page.  

E – Express your feelings

In this step, you express how the situation is making you feel. It’s important to use “I” statements rather than “you” statements to avoid coming across as accusatory or confrontational.  

A – Assert yourself

This involves making your needs or wants known in a clear and direct way. This can be difficult for some people, especially if they are used to avoiding conflict or prioritizing the needs of others over their own. 

R – Reinforce your position

In this step, you provide reasons or evidence to support your position. This can help the other person to understand where you are coming from and see why your perspective is valid.  

M – Mindful of the other person

It’s important to be mindful of the other person’s feelings and needs throughout the conversation. This can help to prevent them from becoming defensive or shutting down.

A – Appear confident

Confidence can help to convey your message effectively and make it more likely that the other person will take you seriously. This doesn’t mean being aggressive or confrontational, but rather being assertive and clear in your communication.

N – Negotiate

Finally, this step involves working with the other person to find a mutually acceptable solution. This can involve brainstorming ideas, compromising, or finding alternative solutions that meet both parties’ needs.

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What is DEAR MAN used for?

DEAR MAN is used to help individuals communicate more effectively in interpersonal situations. The skill is beneficial when an individual needs to ask for something, say no to a request, or express their feelings constructively. DEAR MAN can be used in various settings, including work, school, and personal relationships. DEAR MAN can be helpful for anyone who struggles with interpersonal communication. Individuals with anxiety, depression, BPD, or other mental health conditions may find DEAR MAN helpful in improving their communication skills and building stronger relationships.

Using DEAR MAN in everyday life

Here is an example of how the DEAR MAN skill can be used in everyday life:


Your roommate has been playing loud music late at night, which is preventing you from sleeping.


Describe the situation: “I’ve noticed that you have been playing loud music late at night.”

Express your feelings: “I’m feeling really tired and frustrated because I can’t sleep.”

Assert yourself: “I need you to turn the music down after 10 pm so that I can get a good night’s sleep.”

Reinforce positive behavior: “I really appreciate it when you respect my need for a good night’s sleep.”

Mindfulness: “I want to make sure that I’m not coming across as aggressive or hostile.”

Appear confident: “I’m confident that we can find a solution that works for both of us.” 

Negotiate: “What do you think about turning the music down after 10 pm? Is there another solution that could work for both of us?”

Father and son practicing using DEAR MAN

What are DBT Skills?

DBT skills are tools that individuals can use to manage difficult emotions, cope with stress, and improve their relationships. There are four modules in DBT: mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness. Each module has various skills that can be practiced and utilized in daily life.

What are some other DBT skills?

In addition to DEAR MAN, many other DBT skills can be helpful in managing difficult emotions and improving relationships. Some of these skills include:


This skill involves being present at the moment and fully engaged in the current experience. Mindfulness can help individuals reduce stress and anxiety, improve focus and concentration, and build emotional resilience.

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Distress tolerance

This skill involves tolerating and managing distressing emotions without resorting to unhealthy coping mechanisms. Distress tolerance skills can help individuals build resilience and cope with challenging situations healthily.

Emotion regulation

This skill involves learning how to identify, understand, and manage emotions. Emotion regulation skills can help individuals improve their emotional intelligence and cope more effectively with difficult emotions.

Interpersonal effectiveness

DBT skills, particularly DEAR MAN, can be helpful for individuals who struggle with interpersonal communication and managing difficult emotions. If you are struggling with mental health issues or interpersonal communication, DBT may be a useful treatment option. Working with a trained DBT therapist who can guide you through learning and practicing DBT skills is essential.

DBT with Charlie Health

If you think DBT might be a useful tool for yourself or a loved one, Charlie Health may be able to help – reach out to get signed up today. Charlie Health’s trained clinicians offer DBT as well as many other useful forms of therapy.

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