What is the Difference Between CBT and DBT Therapy?
CBT and DBT are both very popular types of therapy, but there are key differences that make each one more effective for different people and use cases.
Mental health is as important as physical health. So whether you're navigating specific mental health issues or just looking to improve your mental wellness, you deserve a treatment plan that works for you—and that starts with the right type of therapy.
Choosing the right type of therapy isn't always easy, so let's start with the basics. Two of the most common types of psychotherapy are cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT). Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) was originally formed as a subtype of CBT, so both types of therapy share some similarities. In fact, some therapists utilize DBT as a type of CBT that incorporates mindfulness. Both types of therapy share the same basic theories around thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Despite their similarities, CBT and DBT treatment have some fundamental differences. Here's everything you need to know to choose the best type of therapy for you.
What is cognitive behavioral therapy?
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of talk therapy. As a combination of cognitive therapy (examining our thoughts) and behavioral therapy (examining our behaviors), CBT aims to identify how our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors interact with each other.
With each of us experiencing over 6,000 thoughts each day, there's plenty of room for us to interpret these thoughts negatively. Negative thoughts can become entrenched, which can take a significant toll on our thoughts and behaviors. CBT reminds us that these thoughts aren't facts. Instead, they can be changed, leading to more positive thoughts and behaviors.
So, how does CBT work? Like any other type of psychotherapy, CBT involves a collaborative approach with your therapist. By identifying and addressing specific mental health issues, you can learn coping skills to manage problems in your daily life. CBT can help you combat irrational thoughts, manage your emotions, and combat problematic behaviors.
Studies consistently show that CBT is an effective treatment for a wide range of mental health conditions, including major depression, anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorder. CBT is also easily adaptable for virtual therapy, so clients can easily access quality support from the comfort of their own homes.
What is dialectical behavioral therapy?
Like CBT, dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) is a type of talk therapy. DBT was originally developed to treat suicidal individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Since its origins in the 1980s, DBT has been adapted to treat people with different mental health conditions, but many people treated with DBT have a primary diagnosis of BPD.
DBT helps individuals balance their emotions and improve behavior patterns. DBT starts by identifying problematic thought patterns and emotions. Then, with the help of your therapist, you'll learn how to balance these thoughts with healthier perspectives so you can live a more balanced life.
Unlike CBT, DBT focuses on validation or accepting uncomfortable thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Instead of changing your behaviors entirely, DBT can help you improve your quality of life and manage your emotions. During therapy sessions, psychotherapists help individuals improve their behavioral skills. Then, individuals practice these skills during group sessions.
What are the main differences between CBT and DBT?
Although CBT and DBT have some key similarities, they're not the same treatment approach. While some people start feeling better with DBT therapy, other people notice a significant improvement with CBT. Here are the main differences between DBT and CBT to help you choose the best treatment option.
CBT: In general, CBT focuses on goals more than DBT. During CBT sessions, you'll identify negative thoughts and behavior patterns. Then, you'll work with your therapist to develop helpful tools to cope with these problems. The main goal of CBT is to help you become your own therapist. You'll learn how to recognize problematic thoughts, rationalize those thoughts, and re-evaluate them in a more logical way.
DBT: DBT can help you work toward specific goals, but it's not as goal-oriented as CBT. The main goal of DBT is to help individuals accept themselves, practice emotional regulation, learn how to cope with pain, and avoid destructive behaviors. DBT focuses more on the emotional and social aspects of therapy, while CBT emphasizes behavioral change.
CBT: Compared to DBT, CBT tends to be more logic-focused. During therapy, you'll practice critical thinking to develop healthier ways of thinking and behaving. Instead of ignoring your worries and hoping they'll go away, your therapist will encourage you to acknowledge whatever it is that's making you feel stressed. Then, you'll tap into your logic to rationalize the problem.
For example, if you're feeling stressed because you have too much homework to do, identifying how you can complete the assignment in a step-by-step way can help you tackle the stress head-on. Then, by taking a rational approach, you can find the right solution. Remind yourself of when things like this have happened before and how you coped. Look at the facts of the situation. Try breaking down what you need to do, or figuring out if you can ask someone for help. Instead of turning to black-and-white, worst-case scenario terms, try viewing the issue from an alternative perspective.
DBT: DBT focuses on how a person reacts to others and themselves. During therapy sessions, you'll use mindfulness skills to find new ways to accept yourself, interact with other people, and feel comfortable in your environment. DBT teaches mindfulness techniques to help individuals live with uncomfortable emotions or triggers and accept how things are instead of trying to change them.
Types of Sessions
CBT: In many cases, CBT is a shorter form of treatment than DBT. With CBT, many clients will seek therapy for 5–20 sessions. After therapy ends, they'll apply CBT techniques on their own without significant support from their therapist. If mental health issues persist after therapy ends, clients may progress to a different type of therapy, such as an intensive outpatient program, to address specific traumas or issues.
DBT: While CBT might last just a few weeks, DBT involves long-term treatment. DBT also involves group therapy. During DBT skills training, individuals practice DBT skills in a group setting in four modules. Most clients also meet weekly with a DBT therapist and receive DBT skills coaching as needed.
In DBT treatment, group sessions can be a key component of the therapeutic process. It gives people an opportunity to practice DBT skills–such as interpersonal communication and distress tolerance–in a supportive environment. Sometimes, once patients can effectively use DBT skills to regulate their emotions, practice mindfulness, and improve interpersonal relationships, they can transition to standard CBT for further treatment.
What type of therapy is right for you?
Ultimately, the best way to figure out which type of therapy is right for you is to talk to a mental health professional—a therapist, psychologist, counselor, or social worker. Your therapist will consider your specific mental health issues, treatment history, and goals so you can carve the best path forward.
If you've been diagnosed with a mental health condition, your therapist will also consider your diagnosis to choose the best treatment approach. Because each mental health disorder responds differently to different types of psychotherapy, your therapist will choose the method most effective for treating your diagnosis and symptoms.
For example, many people with mood disorders and anxiety disorders notice a significant improvement with CBT, while people with BPD and suicidal thoughts find DBT helpful. With that said, many people have co-occurring mental health conditions, and some therapists may combine techniques from DBT and CBT to create a comprehensive treatment plan.
And remember: there are many other forms of therapy. If CBT and DBT don't match your preferences, try researching other treatment options. Some other common forms of psychotherapy include:
- Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)
- Interpersonal therapy (IPT)
- Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy
- Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)
- Psychodynamic psychotherapy
How can you find the right therapist?
Whether you're starting therapy for the first time or searching for a new provider, finding the right therapist can feel overwhelming. Sometimes, previous clients are hesitant to return to therapy because they didn't notice significant improvement. Because the therapeutic relationship is so important to your mental health journey, it's worth taking the time to research your options to find the best match for your specific needs.
If you're not sure where to start, we're here to help. At Charlie Health, we'll help you find the right match for you and your family. When you're ready to start the therapeutic process, our admissions team is available to answer your questions and address your concerns. After your clinical consultation, we'll build a personalized treatment plan that provides comprehensive support.
Based on your consultation, we'll assign a primary therapist that specializes in your specific mental health issues. Your therapist and a comprehensive care team will provide support from admission to aftercare, so you can enjoy individualized treatment throughout every step of the therapeutic process. Our treatment program offers comprehensive access to evidence-based therapy modules, including CBT and DBT skills, so you can access holistic mental health care from the comfort of your own home.
With so many types of therapy out there, it's not always easy to find the best treatment option. CBT and DBT are some of the most common therapy practices, and both forms of therapy have been shown to help individuals with mental health conditions.
At Charlie Health, our virtual Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP) provides comprehensive mental health support for adolescents, teens, young adults, and their families. Our IOP includes individual therapy, supported groups, and family therapy. Our compassionate mental health professionals are here to support you throughout your mental health journey with sustainable healing, aftercare planning, and evidence-based treatment approaches.
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